, PhD, LP, LMSW, IMH-E®(IV)
Carolyn Dayton joined the WSU Social Work faculty in 2012 as an Assistant Professor. She holds a joint appointment at the Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute for Child and Family Development where she serves as the Associate Director of the Infant Mental Health Program. Her research is focused on early parenting processes with an emphasis on fathering in urban settings.
Dr. Dayton has over two decades of experience providing clinical interventions to the families of infants and young children in a wide range of settings including home-based, center-based and hospital programs. She is a licensed practitioner of clinical social work and clinical psychology and is endorsed as an infant mental health mentor (Level IV; MI-AIMH) in the areas of clinical practice and research.
Dr. Dayton's program of research is fundamentally translational and transdisciplinary; it is informed by her clinical work with families and aims to identify biological and psychosocial risk and resilience factors that influence parenting processes and early child development.
Dr. Dayton is a member of the Michigan Infant/Toddler Research Exchange (MITRE) which is a collaborative of infancy researchers across the state of Michigan engaged in relationships-based, translational research. The MITRE provides a forum for Michigan infancy researchers to discuss key issues in applied research focused on infants, toddlers, families, and caregivers, to engage in cross-university research in collaboration with community partners, and to serve as a resource for the state and country in research to practice initiatives. Visit the MITRE website for additional information.
Associate Director, Infant Mental Health Program, Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute for Child and Family Development
Recent Representative Publications:
Dayton, C. J., Matthews, W. K., Hicks, L., & Malone, J. (2017, Firstview). The expression of music throughout the lives of expectant parents. Psychology of Music. doi: 0305735617692165
Dayton, C. J., & Malone, J. (2017). The development and socialization of physical aggression in very young boys. Infant Mental Health Journal, 38(1),150-165. doi: 10.1002/imhj.21622.
Dayton, C. J., Buczkowski, R. S., Muzik, M., Goletz, J., Hicks, L., Walsh, T., & Bocknek, E. L. (2016). Expectant fathers’ beliefs and expectations about fathering as they prepare to parent a new infant. Social Work Research: Special Issue on Social Work with Men and Fathers, 40(4), 225-236. doi: 10.1093/swr/svw017.
Dayton, C. J., Huth-Bocks, A., & Busuito, A. (2016). The influence of interpersonal aggression on maternal perceptions of infant emotions: Associations with early parenting quality. Emotion, 16(4), 436-448. doi: 10.1037/emo0000114.
Malone, J. C., & Dayton, C. J. (2015). What is the container/contained when there are ghosts in the nursery?: Joining Bion and Fraiberg in dyadic interventions with mother and infant. Infant Mental Health Journal, 36(3), 262–274. doi: 10.1002/imhj.21509
Dayton, C. J., Walsh, T. B., Oh, W., & Volling, B. (2015). Hush now baby: Mothers’ and fathers’ strategies for soothing their infants and associated parenting outcomes. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 29(2), 145-155. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedhc.2014.09.001
Muzik, M., Schmicker, M., Alfafara, E., Dayton, C. J., Schuster, M., & Rosenblum, K. (2014). Predictors of treatment engagement to the parenting intervention Mom Power among Caucasian and African American mothers. Journal of Social Service Research: Special Issue: Research on the Challenges Faced by Families with Children Experiencing Health or Mental Health Problems, 40(5), 662-680. doi:10.1080/01488376.2014.917451
Dayton, C. J., Walsh, T., Muzik, M., Erwin, M., Rosenblum, K. L. (2014). Strong, safe & secure: Negotiating early fathering and military service across the deployment cycle. Infant Mental Health Journal: Special Issue on Very Young Children and their Fathers, 35(5), 509-520. doi: 10.1002/imhj.21465
Swain, J., Dayton, C. J., Kim, P., Tolman, R., & Volling, B. (2014). Progress on the paternal brain: Theory, animal models, human brain research and mental health implications. Infant Mental Health Journal: Special Issue on Very Young Children and their Fathers, 35(5), 394-408. doi: 10.1002/imhj.21471
Singing to Babies in Motown!: The Detroit Lullaby Study
Principal Investigators: Carolyn Dayton, PhD, LP, LMSW, IMH-E® (IV) and Wendy Matthews, PhD
Co-Investigator: Valerie Simon, PhD
The history of Detroit includes a rich musical culture that remains a meaningful influence in the lives of the people of Detroit today. This study aims to tap this cultural strength with the ultimate goal of employing music to support vulnerable Detroit families who are struggling to raise infants and young children in communities affected by violence and poverty. Using an innovative, laboratory-based Lullaby Protocol, this study will examine the influence of parental singing to their infants on the physiological responses of both parents and infants.
Baby on Board!: The WSU Early Parenting Study
Principal Investigator: Carolyn Dayton, PhD, LP, LMSW, IMH-E® (IV)
Co-Investigator: Suzanne Brown, PhD, LMSW
Wendy Matthews, PhD
Joanne Smith-Darden, PhD
Erika Bocknek, PhD
Maria Muzik, MD
Tam Perry, PhD
This study examines the influence of key psychological, social and biological factors on the development of parenting thoughts, feelings and behaviors beginning during pregnancy and across the first months of postnatal development in a sample of urban dwelling mothers and fathers. The central aim of the study is to understand the underlying processes that parents experience as they prepare to parent a new baby. Data gathered from this study is contributing to our understanding of these prenatal psychological processes – especially for fathers – with the explicit aim of improving intervention and support services to fathers who are struggling to parent in the face of psychosocial and contextual adversity. Importantly, we are examining protective factors, in addition to risk factors, that may bolster the ability of fathers to care for their partner and child during pregnancy and early infancy.
Development and Implementation of a Fathering Program in Detroit, Michigan
Maria Muzik, MD
Carolyn Joy Dayton, PhD, LP, LMSW, IMH-E®(IV)
Katherine L. Rosenblum, PhD
The central aim of this study is to develop a family-centered and culturally-informed preventive parenting intervention for fathers and their parenting partners. Data from Dr. Dayton’s study of early fathering informs the adaptation of an intervention for mothers (“Mom Power,” PIs: Drs. Maria Muzik & Kate Rosenblum), for implementation with fathers. A focus on building resilience through the support of attachment-based early parenting processes is a key feature of this intervention.
5447 Woodward Avenue, Room 055, Detroit, MI 48202
Helping Violence-Exposed Parents Cope
With $50,000 from Wayne State’s Division of Research, Dayton and Assistant Professor of Music Education Wendy Matthews have launched a two-year study called “Singing to Babies in Motown: the Detroit Lullaby Study.” For the project, Dayton and Matthews are studying dozens of mothers and fathers with histories of poverty, trauma, depression and other stress as they sing to their babies, observing the parents’ behavioral responses and measuring the physiological responses (e.g., heart rate, breathing rate, skin conductance) of the parents and their babies. Lullabies may be an easy, effective and affordable coping strategy for parents experiencing interpersonal or community violence and If singing proves to be effective, it could be a candidate for a high-impact public service campaign. Learn more